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Residential Glass Glossary


Residential Glass window and repair services by AZ Glass & Door Connection is your source for residential glass work, windows, and patio door replacement. We specialize in single and dual pane, and insulated windows, custom patio doors, custom furniture, shelving, and more. Arizona glass and door connection over the years has built a reputation that is second to none when it comes to training our glass technicians, This will always to be a top priority to provide the customer with an experienced, clean, fast and friendly technician that services the greater Arizona, this means you won’t have to wait to get the job done, or worry if job was done right the first time.

Bevel RESIDENTIAL GLASSBeveled Glass – Beveled glass is glass that has the edge cut off at an angle. Grinding off of the edge of flat glass makes the bevel, and there are several bevel sizes and edge shapes available. Polished and shaped edges are used for glass furniture as well as mirrors, tabletops, and shelves.



thumb-img4 RESIDENTIAL GLASSCoated Glass – Glass with a chemical film applied to one surface. The film can provide such enhanced performance characteristics as privacy, solar or mirror effects.

Double Strength Glass – In float glass, approximately 1/8-inch thick.


Double-Pane-Window-Glass-Repair-Replacement-Service-in-Metro-Phoenix1-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSDual Pane & Thermo Glass – Dual Pane & Thermo Pane are also know as IGU’s or Insulated Glass Units. Dual Panes and IGU’s are two panes of glasses, (like a thermos bottle) hermeneutically sealed against moisture vapor, with an air space in between, insulating the outside air from the inside air. It keeps the hot air out during the summer and the warm in the winter. IGU’s make your home safer and more secure. IGU’s also cut down on outside noise by 80%, as well as help reduce energy costs.


heat-strengthened-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSHeat Strengthened Glass – Glass that has been heat-treated to a state less than that of fully tempered glass. Specified by ASTM 1048 (Kind HS) as having a surface compression of not less than 3,500 pounds per square inch (psi) or an edge compression of not less than 5,500 psi. Heat-Strengthened glass is approximately two times as strong as annealed glass of the same thickness and has an increased thermal endurance. Heat-strengthened glass is considered a safety glass and will not completely dice as will fully tempered glass.


Double-Pane-Window-Glass-Repair-Replacement-Service-in-Metro-Phoenix1-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSInsulated Glass Unit (IGU) – Insulating glass refers to two pieces of glass spaced apart and hermetically sealed to form a single glazed unit with an air space between. Heat transmission through this type of glass may be as low as half the without such an air space. It is also called Double Glazing.



Laminated_Glass-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSLaminated Glass – A type of safety glass produced when a layer of vinyl or PVB is bonded between two or more pieces of glass to produce a single unit.




Polycarbonate-Plastic-Glass-Sheets-Repair-Replacement-in-Metro-Phoenix-Arizona1-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSLEXAN – also known as Polycarbonate, LEXAN® is highly impact resistant & has a special coating to help optical clarity and abrasion resistance. LEXAN is ideal for many functional parts requiring exceptional toughness and surface hardness. LEXAN has the clarity of glass while being exceptionally resistant to weathering. It blocks out harmful UV rays, resists hail, wind & vandalism. It has 20 times the impact resistance of fiberglass and over 40 times the impact resistance of glass or acrylic.


Annealed-Glass-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSLow-E Glass – Low-E- Glass maximizes window performance in hot climates, where air-conditioning costs are significant. This Solar Control Low-E glass is designed to block direct solar heat (year-round) while providing improved thermal comfort in the winter.



ra_2211-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSObscured Glass – All glass used in showers is tempered safety glass. It is available in a variety of thicknesses in clear, frosted and patterned designed. Glass edges can be finished with miters, rounded, polished or relief edges.



imagesCAR4V6ZN-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSPlate Glass – This was a common term that referred to all clear window glass back when the process to make glass was to roll the sheets then grind and polish the surfaces to optical quality. Now most window and clear glasses are made using the float method thereby eliminating the need to grind and polish the surfaces to get the same optical quality.


Plexiglass-Cut-Sheet-Repair-Replacement-in-Metro-Phoenix-Arizona1-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSPlexiglas – Also known as Acrylic, Lucite, Acrylite, Optix, etc., is optically transparent, is not affected by moisture, and offers high strength-to weight ratio. Acrylic sheets also offer high light transmittance and can be easily heat-formed without losing its clarity. Acrylic is an economical and multi-purpose material and is 17 times stronger than glass. Most common uses: windows and window replacement glass, displays, residential picture windows, tabletops, shelves and picture frames.


Residential-Tinting-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSReflective Glass – Reflective glass is window glass that is coated with a reflective surface film. This is to reduce the heat and light that is transmitted.




art+deco+sandblasted+carving+portland+ RESIDENTIAL GLASSSandblasted Glass – Sandblasted glass is when compressed air forces an abrasive material (resembling sand) through a nozzle on to the surface of the glass. This process removes the surface of the glass, which gives the sandblasted area a frosted look. The effect is to increase obscurity and diffusion, but can make the glass fragile and hard to clean.



Single Strength Glass – A single pane of glass.




circular_window-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSSpecialty Glass or Shaped Glass – Specialty glass is a window that is not of regular standard shape or size. Examples of specialty glass such as: triangle rounded or curved window etc.



Tempered-Glass-square-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSTempered Glass – Tempered glass is a type of safety glass. Tempered glass has been created through a heating/cooling process. Tempered glass is 5 times stronger than normal glass. When broken the entire piece of glass shatters into tiny pieces without sharp edges. Common uses: patio doors, storefront doors, bathrooms, showcase doors, shelves, shower doors partitions and autos.


Residential-Tinting-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSTinted Glass – Tinted glass has a material that is added to give the glass a light and/or heat reduction; depending with color.



triple-pane-150x150 RESIDENTIAL GLASSTriple Pane Glass – Triple pane glass is windows that are made of three different individual panes with space between. The spaces are filled with argon or other gases for better energy efficiency. Thus enclosing two separate air spaces.